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How to Prevent Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Acid reflux disorder occurs when your abdomen acid backs up into your esophagus. Your esophagus is the muscular tube that connects your throat and abdomen. The commonest symptom of acid reflux disease is a burning sensation in your chest, generally known as heartburn. Different signs might embody a bitter or regurgitated meals style behind your mouth.

Acid reflux disorder is also called gastroesophageal reflux (GER). When you expertise it greater than twice per week, you might have gastroesophageal reflux illness (GERD). Along with frequent heartburn, signs of GERD embody issue swallowing, coughing or wheezing, and chest ache.

Most individuals expertise acid reflux disease and heartburn sometimes. GERD is a extra severe situation that impacts about 20 % of Individuals. Analysis within the journal Digestive Illnesses and Sciences means that charges of GERD are rising.

Find out about steps you possibly can take to forestall acid reflux disease and heartburn. Life-style modifications, remedy, or surgical procedure might make it easier to discover reduction.

Threat Components for Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Anybody can expertise occasional acid reflux disease and heartburn. For instance, you might expertise these signs after consuming too rapidly. It’s possible you’ll discover them after consuming numerous spicy meals or high-fat treats.

You’re extra prone to develop GERD should you:

  • are chubby or overweight
  • are pregnant
  • have diabetes
  • smoke

Consuming problems, corresponding to anorexia and bulimia nervosa, might also contribute to some circumstances of GERD. “Individuals who induce vomiting, or have prior to now, can have an elevated threat of heartburn,” says Jacqueline L. Wolf, M.D., an affiliate professor of medication at Harvard Medical Faculty.

Life-style Adjustments

Occasional or delicate circumstances of acid reflux disease can normally be prevented by adopting just a few way of life modifications. For instance:

  • Keep away from mendacity down for 3 hours after a meal.
  • Eat smaller meals extra steadily all through the day.
  • Put on loose-fitting clothes to keep away from stress in your stomach.
  • Lose extra weight.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Increase the top of your mattress six to eight inches by inserting picket blocks beneath your bedposts. Mattress risers are an alternative choice for doing this.

A number of sorts of meals may cause acid reflux disease and heartburn. Pay shut consideration to how you are feeling after consuming completely different meals. Your triggers might embody:

  • fatty or fried meals
  • alcohol
  • espresso
  • carbonated drinks, corresponding to soda
  • chocolate
  • garlic
  • onions
  • citrus fruits
  • peppermint
  • spearmint
  • tomato sauce

When you expertise acid reflux disease or heartburn after consuming sure meals, take steps to keep away from them.


Many individuals can resolve their signs via way of life modifications. Different individuals might require medicines to forestall or deal with acid reflux disease and heartburn. Your physician might advocate over-the-counter or prescription medicines, corresponding to:

  • antacids, corresponding to calcium carbonate (Tums)
  • H2-receptor blockers, corresponding to famotidine (Pepcid AC) or cimetidine (Tagamet HB)
  • mucosal protectants, corresponding to sucralfate (Carafate)
  • proton pump inhibitors, corresponding to rabeprazole (Aciphex), dexlansoprazole (Dexilant), and esomeprazole (Nexium)

A Word About Proton Pump Inhibitors

Proton pump inhibitors are the simplest remedies for continual acid reflux disease. They’re typically thought of very protected. They scale back your physique’s manufacturing of gastric acids. In contrast to another medicines, you solely have to take them as soon as a day to forestall signs.

There are additionally downsides to utilizing proton pump inhibitors on a long-term foundation. Over time, they’ll deplete vitamin B-12 in your physique. Since abdomen acid is certainly one of your physique’s defenses in opposition to an infection, proton pump inhibitors may increase your threat of an infection and bone fractures. Particularly, they’ll increase your threat of hip, backbone, and wrist fractures. They will also be costly, usually costing greater than $100 every month.

Surgical procedure

Surgical procedure is simply needed in uncommon circumstances of acid reflux disease and heartburn. The commonest surgical procedure used to deal with acid reflux disease is a process generally known as Nissen fundoplication. On this process, a surgeon lifts a portion of your abdomen and tightens it across the junction the place your abdomen and esophagus meet. This helps improve stress in your decrease esophageal sphincter (LES).

This process is carried out with a laparoscope. You will want to remain within the hospital for one to a few days after it’s carried out. Issues are uncommon and the outcomes are extraordinarily efficient. Nonetheless, surgical procedure might result in elevated bloating and flatulence or bother swallowing.

The Takeaway

When you expertise common acid reflux disease or heartburn, converse to your physician. They could advocate way of life modifications to assist forestall your signs. For instance, they could advise you to eat smaller meals, stay upright after consuming, or lower sure meals out of your food regimen. They could additionally encourage you to shed extra pounds or stop smoking.

If way of life modifications don’t relieve your signs, your physician might advocate over-the-counter or prescription medicines. In uncommon circumstances, you might want surgical procedure. Issues from the surgical procedure are uncommon.

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